🍹 (at Las Vegas Nevada)

💓💓💓

💓💓💓

Belly dancers!!!  (at Marrakech Moroccan Restaurant- Las Vegas)

Belly dancers!!! (at Marrakech Moroccan Restaurant- Las Vegas)

<3 @calliekalani  #datenight #stone #allthebeers (at Stone Brewing World Bistro & Gardens)

<3 @calliekalani #datenight #stone #allthebeers (at Stone Brewing World Bistro & Gardens)

#nofilter #ashleesbday

#nofilter #ashleesbday

&lt;3 @lookitskeriann

<3 @lookitskeriann

Excited to spend another year with this guy. I love him oodles and oodles (and oodles!) #littlebrother #bdaybash #yaya

Excited to spend another year with this guy. I love him oodles and oodles (and oodles!) #littlebrother #bdaybash #yaya

Welcome home :) (at Live Wire)

Welcome home :) (at Live Wire)

Pool party with my little baby 😎

Pool party with my little baby 😎

Circuses, for example, have long preferred the use of the whip as their means to direct tigers and lions. The whip allows the trainer to maintain a safe distance and still deliver a good deal of pain and fear. Some circuses have updated to more modern devices: electrical prods and stun guns. Others have chosen to stick with the blunt instruments. Hawthorn’s trainers, for example, like to use baseball bats. But no matter the instrument, the purpose of these weapons is control. The trainer wants the tiger to jump through a hoop of fire. The tiger does not want to. The trainer whips, shocks, or beats the animal until he or she performs the action. This is a learned response, and all captive animals have had to endure this violent education. Some of them have been taught with negative reinforcements. Others
have been fortunate enough to train with positive reinforcements. In either case, here is where things can take an interesting turn.

Every captive animal knows, through learned response and direct experience, which behaviors are rewarded and which ones are punished. These animals understand that there will be consequences for incorrect actions. If they refuse to perform, if they attack a trainer, or if they escape their cage, they know that they will be beaten, have their food rations reduced, and be placed in solidarity confinement. Captive animals know all of this and yet they still carry out such actions—often with a profound sense of determination. This is why these behaviors can be understood as a true form of resistance. These animals, as will be shown throughout the book, are rebelling with knowledge and purpose. They have a conception of freedom and a desire for it. They have agency.

Fear of the animal planet - Jason Hribal (via bigot-vernichter)

(via jadeyoh)

I’ll never forget how the depression and loneliness felt good and bad at the same time. Still does.

Henry Rollins (via psych-facts)

I often wonder how sweet my happiness would be without experiencing the depths of my depression. This is perfect.

(via littlekatie)

There’s even more frightening news out of Russia: A never-before-seen virus that lay dormant for 30,000 years under 100 feet of Siberian permafrost has come back to life. And it’s infectious. But don’t worry—scientists meant to do it.